Who lived in Plac na Groblach Square?
Anyone who has visited this magical corner in Cracow at least once will know that Plac na Groblach Square is a special place. Throughout the ages its charm has attracted not only the inhabitants of Cracow, but also well-known personalities. Would you like to know who found a home at the foot of the Wawel Hill? Keep on reading…
Karol Tichy - a painter, artist and architect
The tenement building no. 3 standing in Plac na Groblach Square has been long known as the House of Karol Tichy in Cracow. It was constructed in 1912 and serves as an example of the application of early modernism in construction. Karol Tichy himself acted as the architect and investor. What do we know about the occupant of tenement building no. 3?
Karol Tichy was a “Renaissance man” – a painter, architect, interior designer, an educator and artist working with ceramics. As an artist he represented Art Nouveau, as a painter he ranked among symbolists. He perfected his artistic skills and aesthetic sensitivity in the Fine Arts School in Cracow, École des beaux-arts in Paris and in Munich where he pursued his studies. He tied a part of his professional life with Fine Arts Academy in Warsaw where in 1904-1908 he worked as a professor. Karol Tichy was a member of Cracow-based association of artists known as Polish Applied Arts Association, and a founder and member of Ład Artists Cooperative.
In the interwar period Tichy became an undisputed authority on furniture design in Poland – he sought new and original forms that combined contemporary trends with local traditions. More information about his works is available HERE.
Ksawery Pruszyński - a journalist and publicist
Another personality who resided in Plac na Groblach Square was Ksawery Pruszyński – a reporter, publicist, writer and representative of Polish non-fiction literature. He came from Volyn, but after the Polish-Soviet War that cost him his estate in Wolica Kierekieszyna he travelled west. At first, he attended a Jesuit school in Chyrów, then he studied law at the Jagiellonian University. During his education in Cracow he became a member of a circle of young conservatives, and his articles were published in right-wing magazines, e.g. Czas and Bunt Młodych edited by Jerzy Giedroyc.
Publications in Polish press are not Pruszyński’s greatest accomplishment – he is an author of a number of books, e.g. Sarajewo 1914, Szanghaj 1932, Gdańsk 193?, in which he advanced a thesis that a new European war would probably break out over Gdańsk. The book, Pruszyński’s debut, was published in 1932. But he was more than just an author of books – he reported on the civil war in Spain (in 1936) and actively participated in the September Campaign and the battles fought during the World War II by Polish troops in the West. Ryszard Kapuściński once said that Pruszyński made reportage something more than a product of the eye – a product of the mind.*
With the war over, Pruszyński returned to Poland. He died in 1950 in a car crash in Rhynern by Düsseldorf. His legacy includes over 15 books, some of which were adapted to screen, and countless articles for future journalists to learn about war reportage. More information about Ksawery Pruszyński is available HERE.
Janina Garycka and Piotr Skrzynecki – co-founders of Piwnica pod Baranami
Plac na Groblach Square has an undisputed association with one of the greatest Polish cabarets – Piwnica pod Baranami (in English: the Cellar under the Rams). The tenement building no. 12 in Plac na Groblach Square was a dwelling place of Janina Garycka – a specialist in Polish studies, painter, scenographer and a literary director and co-founder of Piwnica pod Baranami, and Piotr Skrzynecki – a director, scenographer and conferencier of the cabaret.
Andrzej Syriusz- Skąpski – president of KFF
Recently Plac na Groblach Square was home to a social activist, president of Katyn Families Federation, Andrzej Syriusz-Skąpski. He died in the Polish President’s plane crash on 10 April 2010.
Nowodworek – the most famous building in Plac na Groblach Square by Józef Sare
The most popular building in Plac na Groblach Square, the so-called Nowodworek, houses one of the best secondary schools in Poland - B. Nowodworski 1st Comprehensive Secondary School. The school is located in tenement building no. 9. The architectural design was created by the Deputy Mayor of Cracow – Józef Sare. Although he himself did not live in Groble, he is closely associated with this place.
Titbit ☺ Historical tenement buildings renovated by Koneser Group can be also found in a street named after Józef Sare. A photo gallery of tenement buildings no. 3 and 16 is available on our website: www.koneser.co
Nowodworek is one of the eldest secular schools in Poland that has been operating without interruptions. The school, and thus Plac na Groblach Square, received plenty of notable guests, e.g. king Stanisław August Poniatowski, king of Saxony Frederic Augustus and Emperor of Austria Franz Joseph I. Nowodworek’s famous students include: John III Sobieski, Stanisław Wyspiański, Ignacy Daszyński, Józef Kenig, Wojciech Kossak and Gustaw Holoubek.
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